Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2017;23,1:30-36
Topinambour – nutritional and medical properties of the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberoses L.)
Helianthus tuberosus L., inulin, diabetes mellitus, prebiotic, breast cancer
Topinambour (Helianthus tuberosus L.), also known as the Jerusalem artichoke is a plant, which origins from North America. In XVII century it was brought to the Europe. For ages it was cultivated due to edible tuber and its healing properties.The aim of the article is to present medical properties and application of topinmbour in patient’s diet. Many studies were performed on animals to specify medical properties of topinambour. Results show, that topinambour lowers plasma glucose, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is believed that these effects are caused by high level of inulin present it its tuber.Inulin effect on the human organism was assessed in many clinical studies. It is thought it has prebiotic features, lowers plasma glucose and intestinal pH level, which results in higher calcium bioavailability. Additionaly, it has a positive impact on the plasma lipid profile, acts as an immunomodulator, affecting digestive systems’ limfatic tissue. Due to its characteristics, it can be used in the diet of obese and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.Recently, it was discovered that topinambour tuber secretion works as a cytotoxic agent contra breast cancer cells.
Article published in polish language