Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2015;21,1:23-31
Assessments of dietary patterns of children aged 10-12 in the city of Olsztyn
dietary habits, children, urban areas
Neglects concerning dietary patterns in childhood may result in strengthening incorrect eating habits, affect the functions and health of the body and be the cause of many chronic diseases and health problems. Material and methods. The aim of the research was to evaluate the dietary patterns of children aged 10-12 in the city of Olsztyn. The research involved a group of 288 children (144 boys and 144 girls) aged 10-12, living in the city of Olsztyn. Evaluation of dietary patterns was carried out on the basis of individual dietary interviews concerning food intake over the past 24h, followed by determination of energy and nutritional values of the daily diet as well as the content of basic nutrients, such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, microelements and vitamins. Results. The research demonstrated that although the amount of consumed meals was correct, they did not cover the energy requirements of the examined children (in the case of boys, the average energy value of the daily diet was 1960,92 kcal, and for girls it was 1627,7 kcal) and were too poor in protein and carbohydrates. Moreover, it was found that the calcium intake norms were met at the level of approximately 50% of the average demand and an excessively low content of fibre were found in the daily diet. Conclusions. The study results showed the mistakes made by the studied population group in the method of nutrition, including daily diet energy value (deficiencies), its structure and the quality of the meals.
Article published in polish language